Wild Lettuce (Lactuca canadensis) – Wild Edible Plants, Dandelion (Taraxacum) – Wild Edible Plants. It starts out as a rosette of leaves laying on the grass. But despite the spines, the leaves and stalks are edible once the spines have been trimmed away, maybe with scissors. Cook them like you would spinach, and you really wouldn’t notice much of a difference. Thus far you have provided the best description and usage for Sonchus oleraceus on the internet. The Greeks attributed this plant to vitality, and strength, similarly to the treatment of Dandelion (Taraxacum) by ancient cultures. The stem contains. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Earlier in the plant’s life it will make a kind of basal rosette, which is prior to flowering or putting out seeds, which makes it difficult at first to distinguish between the Dandelion, Wild Lettuce, and Sow Thistle. Many people tend to confuse sow thistle with dandelions. I ground it to powder in a spice grinder and it resembled instant coffee. A common weed, avoiding acid soils and shady positions[1]. Prickly Sow thistle. Drain. Get out and try something that you've always wanted to. Method- Take some butter and add to a pan. Other uses:  If you keep rabbits, they absolutely love this plant (this being the reason for another one of it’s common names “Hare Thistle”). things. Sow thistles are not true thistles, though there is a resemblance. Smooth sow-thistle is clearly more at home in a culturally-influenced environment than spiny sow-thistle and it is not often found among crops as a weed. In this regard, sow thistles make excellent sacrificial plants.”. young leaves are edible raw. The plant is self-fertile. All sow thistles are edible, but the most researched one is Sonchus oleraceus. About 1/8 of an inch. Gardeners may consider this a benefit or a curse; aphids may spread from sow thistle to other plants, but alternatively the sow thistle can encourage the growth of beneficial predators such as hoverflies. Healing Herbs Medicinal Plants Edible Wild Plants Poisonous Plants Wild Edibles Plantar Edible Flowers Edible Garden Native Plants. The plant is self-fertile. Never “force” an ID, because you “want it” to be a certain plant. The flowers are about an inch across. But my favorite part of the thistle to eat is the long stem. Had I not rented land, but owned a lot of my own, I would get more seeds and nurse this incredibly invasive food plant. More information... People also love these ideas Sow thistle is one of the most plentiful wild plants you'll see in the Los Angeles area. May 1, 2012 - See related links to what you are looking for. In fact it’s scientific name is Greek, Sonchus oleraceus. Dandelions do not have spikes on the edges of their leaves, and true thistles have much tougher leaves. Edible Part(s): Leaves, stems, flowers, roots - A note about this blog: I am in the process of moving my blog content from here to this blog site - thanks for following my posts! ( Log Out /  Underside of Sow Thistle Leaf (Note the tiny spines), Bull Thistle (Cirsium horridulum) – Wild Edibles Plants, How to Get Started in Shooting Competitions/ the Shooting Sports – USPSA / IDPA / 3 Gun. ( Log Out /  Weight for weight, thistles come out higher in fibre, protein, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, copper, zinc, and other nutrients. Some say the roots can be used as a coffee substitute, but I would say coffee extender. Spiny-Leaved Sow Thistle, Sonchus asper, you can find this thistle almost all year and it was used for both its edible and medicinal properties. In addition, pigs love it as well. You will also notice in the picture of the broken stem another identifiable characteristic, which is the milky latex that is present in the leaves and stems when you break them. If you do want the distinctive bitterness of dandelion, sow thistle will not be a good alternative. I experimented with an older plant, about 2-feet tall. so do they not produce any until they get older? On the same plant you may see flower buds, flowers and fluffy seedheads, pappus, at the same time. Leaves near the top clasp it. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. A passage from Wild Edible Plants of Texas: Closer-view-of-Sow-thistle-plant. They can be added to salads or used like spinach. Without being able to see what you’ve got, it’s nearly impossible to know. Once the seeds begin to form, it is transmitted by wind or water in one of those puffy looking seed. On the same plant you may see flower buds, flowers, and fluffy seedheads at the same time. Make sure to pick the young and tender portions of course. Also, make sure to use REPUTABLE sources that give you multiple characteristics to aid in a plant ID. But the thistles that interest me most have three things in common: a tight, cup-like flowerhead; spines; and edible parts to please the hungry forager. Thistle is a good survival food but the leaves are hard to harvest due to their many spines. Sow thistle flowers (never opened, opened, and gone to seed). Range: Europe, including Britain, south and east from Scandanavia to N. Africa, N. and W. Asia. This is how Average Joe 6-pack & Mrs. Pull up a chair, grab a cold one, and enjoy. 1 bunch of sow thistle leaves (about one pound) 1 clove of garlic, minced 1/4 red onion, thinly sliced (or more if you like) Goat cheese, crumbled Pine nuts Olive oil 1/4 cup chicken broth salt and pepper Nutmeg to taste. Don’t use any of the information found on this site for identification purposes. If you decide to eat anything from “the wild” then only do so in small quantities until you know how your body will react. Thistles will resprout readily if cut down, so it’s best to dig the whole plant up by the root. ; grows by roadways and in disturbed areas. If you, like me, like the slightly more flavorful older leaves, simmer them for ten minutes or more longer. If you would like a book detailing 16 of the most common edible weeds in your garden with big colourful images, look here> only $15 with free postage within Australia. Sow-thistles are closely related to wild lettuce (Lactuca species), and like them, the young leaves are edible. Sow Thistle Tarts. Often plants with white sap are not edible, but for sow thistle the entire plant is edible and nutritious containing carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and minerals. And, just like the dandelion’s seedhead is fluffy and blows away in the wind, so does sow thistle’s. Some edible weeds, like the wild brassica pictured, are actually more nutritious than store-bought greens. However, when I mixed it with coffee, all I could taste was the coffee. Leaves near the bottom do not. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Perfect for the plate. Here is an example of how some of the leaves will wrap around the stem of the Sow Thistle plant. Food plant of Cattle, deer and rabbits. young leaves are edible raw. Sow thistle has spade-shaped leaves more than one flower on each stem while dandelion leaves are spiky and have only a single flower per stem. Roots and unopened flower bud bottoms are also edible. There is nothing much that looks like sow thistle that isn’t edible but if you are unsure let them grow a bit more although I have seen clear and white sap from them. The sow thistle is a classical example of how weeding equals harvest equals lunch. The alternate leaves can have varying shapes on the same plant and may have reddish-purple streaks. Bees, flies and other pollinators enjoy it, but, it can be invasive, causing problems for farmers and gardeners. Perennial sow thistle flowers are larger and resemble the dandelion. In fact, in New Zealand it is called “Puha“, and is eaten like a vegetable among the native Maori people. Here you can see the closed buds, the yellow flower, and the fuzzy seeds all on one plant. If you see a “real” thistle, you will immediately notice the difference in the spines on the plants. Spiny-Leaved Sow Thistle, Sonchus asper, you can find this thistle almost all year and it was used for both its edible and medicinal properties.You can find it in fields, waste places and even in your garden. One of the most easily recognizable characteristic on the Sow Thistle is the way that the leaves wrap around the stalk or stem. Some edible weeds, like the wild brassica pictured, are actually more nutritious than store-bought greens. Sow thistle's flowers are very similar to dandelion flowers- made up of many tiny yellow petals, in the shape of half a pompom. Sonchus oleraceus, common sow thistle, is similar to other Sonchus and it’s difficult to tell the difference. So it literally means “edible hollow stem,” which is funny because I’ve never actually eaten the stem (which you can). Young sow thistle ... Sonchus oleraceus. Prickly sow thistle Sonchus asper, is Vitamin C and Manganese dense herb support for wounds, burns, cough, asthma, gastrointestinal infection, diabetes, cardiac dysfunction, kidney and liver disorders, jaundice and cancer Sow thistle is not esthetically pleasing to many people, so it’s rarely left to grow above mower height. Learn with Green Deane how to recognize and prepare wild lettuce and sow thistle, lactuca and sonchus. The color of the leaves will also vary from green when young to a light purple or pink color. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies), beetles. It is a perennial, growing from 1 to 3 feet high, with hollow thick, branched stems full of milky juice, and thin, oblong leaves, more or less cut into (pinnatifid) with irregular, prickly teeth on the margins. This example is a young plant that has not yet sent up a flower stalk. I treat the flowers like dandelion flowers: pull them apart and sprinkle yellow bits raw on salads. Be sure to pick the buds while they’re still rounded at the ends, before they push out. This accounts for the common name sow thistle. A Couple of Young Sow Thistle Plants Before Flowering. Teasel leaves are edible when they are young and the roots can be dried and used for tea. In this regard sow thistles make excellent sacrificial plants. Their findings show that the thistle contained consistently higher levels of important major nutrients than some of our commonly consumed cultivated vegetables. The stalk is edible peeled and cooked. Some say the roots can be used as a coffee substitute, but I would say coffee extender. WARNING:  If you are ignorant enough to believe whatever you read on the internet, then you should not be attempting to identify wild edible plants. RIGHT: The rounded Sonchus flower buds can be pickled and used like capers. I found your article to be very informative for the level of plant knowledge that I have this have more of an interest in seeing what else you have going on in your articles. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Sonchus arvensis is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft). I don’t usually bother with the leaves when they get this far along, but you can cut off the spines and still eat the leaves when the spines get to be too tough to soften when cooking. Buds that are still flat or slightly dipped inwards are the ones you want such as … Sow Thistle; Previously known as: Actites; Phonetic Spelling SON-chus Description. 2.1k. The leaves can be prepared much like dandelion leaves. The leaves can be prepared much like dandelion leaves. It’s time to put that theory to the test and see how thistle tastes. I experimented with an older plant, about 2-feet tall. Sow thistle leaves look similar to dandelion leaves, and you can prepare them in the same way, raw in salads or cooked. Texas A&M University, foragefax.tamu.edu , in their article “Weed of the Week: Spiny Sow Thistle (Annual)” said, “Many growers make no distinction at all between perennial and annual sow thistles. Gardeners may consider this a benefit or a curse; aphids may spread from sow thistle to other plants, but alternatively the sow thistle can encourage the growth of beneficial predators such as hoverflies. The “toothed” leaves of the Common Sow Thistle (Sonchus). And the spiny flowerheads have an edible heart if you have the patience to peel their spiky armor away. Adding it to hot water made an interesting herbal drink, but it didn’t taste like coffee to me. Tags: edible wild plants, Louisiana wild edible, sow thistle, spring time wild edible, Thistle, Wild Edible South, nice article.. but i had a question that i cant seem to find online was hoping u could answer.. ive watched many videos and read about them and the ones i picked look very similar… they have a little bit of leaf all the way down the leaf stem and then look pretty much like the rest of the leaf(so they wouldnt be hawksbeard.. but the ones i have are young plants and they do not have any milky white sap. It is not frost tender. Around here it’s not too hard to find a thistle plant, and our main variety is common Bull Thistle (Cirsium vulgare). This species has the nicest tasting leaves of the genus, they usually have a mild agreeable flavour especially in the spring. Leaf shape may differ on the same plant. varieties in British Columbia are Perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis), Prickly sow thistle (Sonchus asper) and Annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). Inside I identified my mystery weed as the Sow Thistle aka Sochus oleraceus, thanks to the wonderful guide to Edible Weeds and Foraging in Perth by Charles Otway (see reference below). In fact, Pliny the Elder, wrote that Hecale regaled Theseus with a dish of Sow Thistle before his encounter with the Bull of Marathon. https://foragedfoodie.blogspot.com/2016/03/sow-thistle-capers.html Pliny the Elder…what a gossip, huh? You will want to taste your particular thistle to make sure that your body is agreeable to the flavor. Same type of content with added weirdness. We have at least 14 species of thistle growing wild in the UK, mostly from the Cirsium (aka plume thistles) and Carduus genera. There’s a huge variety in sow thistles, from having few or no prickles to having a lot, from a foot high to six feet high, from green to purple, especially older plants. Sow thistle is on par with Wild lettuce and Monkey flower as a cooked green. This is a nutritious plant that contains several minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and zinc) and vitamins (A, B1, B2, B3, B6, & C). varieties in Quebec are Perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis), Prickly sow thistle (Sonchus asper) and Annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). It is not frost tender. The first year the plant is j… ; grows by roadways and in disturbed areas. However, you need to be able to identify sow thistle well before it has flowers, since by the time it does, the leaves tend to be more bitter and therefore are less versatile. Everything in the sow thistle family is edible, and I'm pretty sure all the dandelion tribe is edible as well, but this post specifically is focusing on the type of sow thistle known scientifically as sonchus oleraceus, or colloquially as common sow thistle. Add the leaves and stir to coat them thoroughly. If you pick the leaves when they’re young, you can use them raw in a salad. Sow thistle Sonchus oleraceus, is Vitamin K and Vitamin C dense herb support for headaches, diarrhea, menstrual problems ... the other more tender and edible (Laguna 1555), probably Sonchus asper and S. oleraceus (Osbaldeston 2000). After a day or two you can use them the way you use capers. Smooth sow thistle has strong medicinal properties and is high in nutrients including calcium, iron and vitamin C. MIDDLE: Starting with leaves in a rosette on the ground, Sonchus can grow to 3 feet with flowers on branch ends. Sow thistle could also be confused with Dandelions, and members of the true thistle family, Cirsium, but both of these are edible. Sow Thistle, Common sowthistle: Family: Asteraceae or Compositae: USDA hardiness: Coming soon: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats: Waysides, waste and cultivated ground[17]. Common sow thistle has hollow stems that exude latex if damaged. Dandelion only has one flower per stalk. Good luck! Sow thistle leaves grow all the way up the stalk, as well as at the base of the plant. Sow Thistle Edible Recipe For Gastritis And Ulcers You need – Two handfuls of sow thistle, butter, water, a pinch of ground nutmeg, One tsp flour, salt, and pepper for seasoning. Sow thistle usually has many flowers sprouting out on each stalk. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family.It is native to Europe and western Asia.. Its specific epithet oleraceus means "vegetable/herbal". ---Parts Used---Leaves, stems, milky juice.The Sow-Thistle is a well-known weed in every field and garden. Search of PUHA brought me here. Several species of Sonchus are in the Food and Drug Administration Poisonous Plant Database at fda.gov. Once you get better at spotting the difference, you will have no problem picking out the young rosettes when they are in the best condition for eating. I didn’t experiment very much with the roots, so your mileage may vary. Home › Food › Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) – Wild Edible Plants, By greatoutdoordinary on May 2, 2018 • ( 6 ). The stems have been peeled and eaten raw like celery. Older leaves go into the cook pot. Weekend Warrior enjoy their free time in the outdoors between jobs, kids, and all of the craziness of life. Prickly sow thistle Sonchus asper, is Vitamin C and Manganese dense herb support for wounds, burns, cough, asthma, gastrointestinal infection, diabetes, cardiac dysfunction, kidney and liver disorders, jaundice and cancer Pickle the ones that haven't opened by soaking them in leftover pickle juice for at least six weeks in the refrigerator. (The cultivated artichoke is a thistle from the closely related genus, Cynara.) It is not frost tender. And it's a great friend, edible from the top of its bright flowers to the bottom of its beneficial taproots. It has a short taproot, and deeply lobed leaves. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. Sow thistle has bright yellow flowers and t… Article by Alicia Bayer. Both plants are edible. They can be added to salads, cooked like spinach or used in soups etc. The ones most similar, S. asper and S. arvensis, are also called sow thistle and can be used in the same way as S. oleraceus. Thistles, in this case Cirsium horridulum (SIR-see-um hor-id-YOO-lum) are among the hardest to gather of wild foods, Black Walnuts probably being the worst. But my guess is that it is just fine to use the yellow flowered thistle in the recipes. Fireweed, or scientifically referred to as Chamerion angustifolium, is an edible plant which is native throughout the Northern Hemisphere.. Smooth Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is a species from the Asteraceae or Compositae family.Also known by a variety of common names including common sow thistle, sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's thistle, hare's lettuce, hare's colwort, milk thistle (not Silybum marianum) and swinies.It is a native biennial commonly found in Europe including the British Isles. Buttered thistle stalks or the addition of thistle to a green smoothie are good options. Thistle Root. Each seed can remain viable in the ground 8 months or more if they remain in the top ¾ inch of soil. Sonchus meaning “hollow” due to the hollow stem, and oleraceus translates to “edible or cultivated” in Greek. Description: Sow thistles are an erect, herbaceous, taprooted annual that can grow to over 1m in height if the plant is damaged or cut it exudes a milky latex. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including Common Sow thistle, Milk Thistle, Smooth Saw-thistle, Sow Thistle, Annual Sow thistle, annual milk thistle, hare’s-lettuce, common milk thistle, colewort, field sow thistle, hare’s thistle, small sow thistle, Hare’s Colwort, Common Milk Sow-thistle, Milky Tassel, Milk-weed, Thalaak or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the … Antifa Leader Pulls Gun on Police and is Killed *VIDEO*, 7 Reasons Theodore Roosevelt Is A Badass of the Outdoors, How to Skin an Alligator (for Belly Skin Leather), Loup Garou (Rougarou) – The Cajun Werewolf, Follow Greatoutdoordinary on WordPress.com. Hey Susan. Leaves near the top of the stem clasp it. Purple thistle, sow thistle, etc. Round abouts. Use multiple reputable sources before you eat anything you didn’t purchase in a grocery store. If you cut it, you’ll see the latex and that the stem is hollow. The stems should be bruised and the bitter-tasting milky juice washed out before eating or cooking them. Common names: Common sow thistle, sow thistle, annual sow thistle, milk thistle, milkweed, thalaak, colewort, hares lettuce, soft thistle. Sonchus arvensis is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft). Some sources report that this baby has a whopping 1500mg of calcium per 100g and 45mg of iron. Sow thistle, a much larger plant, branches as it gets older sending up multiple stems, which have multiple flowers. Another common name for the plant is milk thistle because of the white sap, while the sowthistle’s name is due to the tradition of giving the plant to female pigs (sows) when they are lactating a new litter of piglets. I’m just a chubby redneck who chews on random plants that I find in random places. Sorry, you need to enable JavaScript to visit this website. The leaves are also great to use as an antioxidant. Posted by Amy at Venison Bone Broth – Don’t Throw Out Your Bones! The root is edible, and according to one source, it tastes “like burdock root only better.”While burdock stalks are delicious, I really can’t stand burdock root, and I think it tastes like bitter dirt.Thus, I’m not excited about cooking up a thistle root. When in doubt, throw it out. 1 bunch of sow thistle leaves (about one pound) 1 clove of garlic, minced 1/4 red onion, thinly sliced (or more if you like) Goat cheese, crumbled Pine nuts Olive oil 1/4 cup chicken broth salt and pepper Nutmeg to taste . Thanks again for taking the time to provide a starting point for me and no doubt others. Check out Bull Thistle (Cirsium horridulum) – Wild Edibles Plants if you want to read about an edible “true” thistle (Cirsium). Deborah Richardson is a freelance reporter for The Examiner with a fondness for flora in its natural setting. So let's take some time to get better acquainted with the sow thistle. They are easy to identify, they grow all over the United States, they are plentiful, and the flavor of the greens are as good or better than many store bought greens. The stem has ridges and may have reddish-purple streaks. Thank you! It can be distinguished from Sonchus asper and Sonchus hydrophilus in that they both have stiff and leathery leaves, mostly smooth achenes (fruit) with ribs that are rough to the touch or with hairs. The common name 'sow thistle' refers to its attractiveness to swine, and the similarity of the leaf to younger thistle plants. A bit of research reveals that every part of thistle is edible so long as you can get past the thorns. That’s because all three versions are tall weeds with yellow, dandelion-like flowers and stems that produce a milky sap, latex. https://foragedfoodie.blogspot.com/2016/03/sow-thistle-capers.html I put the flower buds in pickle juice. Sonchus oleraceus, or Sowthistle, is a genus of annual herbs, considered a winter and summer weed, and includes several species that are common in nurseries and landscapes. Casey, glad you found your way here! The young leaves have a mild agreeable flavour. Traditional medicine systems use Sonchus to treat the liver, warts, women’s issues, etc. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies), beetles. But the most plentiful wild plants you 'll see in the spines, the yellow flowered in. Or two you can get out and experience God 's creation and all of that, leaves. * * * * * * Plight to Freedom is now the Cargo Cult Café swine and! Natural setting Sonchus meaning “ hollow ” due to the bottom prompted me to out! To insure that you do not have a mild agreeable flavour especially in the same time to the. More nutritious than store-bought greens the year unless there is a really harsh.. 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