3. What was the average age of death during 1800s? Cooks, butlers, gardeners, housemaids, nannies and governesses were employed by this social class. Wealthy Victorian men and women did take an interest in helping the working class and impoverished population. Charles Dickens said it himself: “It was the best of times, it was the worst of times.” And it’s what was “worst” about Victorian-era England that we remember the most. The social classes of this era included the Upper class, Middle class, and lower class. We recommend that these ideas are used as inspiration, that ideas are undertaken with appropriate adult supervision, and that each adult uses their own discretion and knowledge of their children to consider the safety and suitability. Something went wrong while submitting the form. Kidadl cannot accept liability for the execution of these ideas, and parental supervision is advised at all times, as safety is paramount. The family was central to middle-class Victorian life. Poor children aged just three or four would work 12 hour days for five shillings (25p) a week or less. By Daniel Martin for the Daily Mail Updated: 03:22 EST, 6 November 2009 Children love quick and easy facts, so here are a few to get conversations started about Victorian times and Victorian people, including facts about Victorian schools and more information on the differences between poor people and the wealthy. In 1889, the leaving age was raised to 12 and schools finally became truly free for children in 1891 when the pence fee was abolished. The Condition of Victorian London slums is perfectly described in below paragraph. With the upsurge in railway construction, moving goods to shipping ports became easy, while ship-building itself went forward at a rapid pace. We participate in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.co.uk, Victorians  ©  2000 - 2020 - Privacy Policy. Victorian houses of wealthy owners had features such as bay windows, stained glass in the windows and doorways, patterned brickwork and slate roofs. By joining Kidadl you agree to Kidadl’s Terms of Use and Privacy Policy and consent to receiving marketing communications from Kidadl. Cooks, butlers, gardeners, housemaids, nannies and governesses were employed by this social class. This book contains many interesting and little-known facts about life in Victorian England. Child birth was the sixth … Boys would then go away to a private school, but there weren't many schools available for girls until towards the end of the Victorian period. Rich Victorians lived in large houses that were well heated and clean. Royal Class – This include people from royal family and the spiritual lords of that time. Some classes, particularly in the cities, had as many as 70 or 80 pupils. Whether rich, poor, Black, or White, all lived then understood the importance of a Victorian mindset and the Black Victorian very much existed in their own right. Lead by Bru… Poor Victorians had a rough and hard life, often ending up in the workhouse or early death. In the late 1830s, the life expectancy was … Even though London was a rich … Rich women always wore a corset under their dresses, and at the start of Victoria's reign, it was also fashionable to wear a crinoline (a structured petticoat), making skirts appear very wide. Below is a table showing you some of the differences between rich … Dickens blames the huge class stratification of Victorian England on the selfishness of the rich and, implicitly, on the Poor Laws that keep down the underclass. In 1859, the wages bill for half a year at Shibden was £59 15s which is about £4,000 in today’s money. Steam-powered cotton factories enabled Victorian Britain to produce more than half the world's supply of cotton. All women in Victorian times wore dresses with long skirts, but rich women … Tenement buildings were quickly built in Victorian London for factory workers and their families. Charles Dickens (the famous Victorian author) was a supporter of poor Victorians and often depicted their lives through his work. Seaside towns were no longer the preserve of … Literature from the period reflects the prevalence of children’s deaths in Victorian England. People lived to an average age of just 40 in 19th-century England, but that … To give a few examples, Queen Victoria was born into a luxurious lifestyle but it was only in 1838 - just a year after Victoria became queen at the age of 18 - slavery was abolished in the British empire. The British census of 1891 found that 1.3 million girls and women worked as domestic servants in Victorian England. The life of a Victorian servant could be very hard, depending on the household in which they worked and the jobs they had to do. 2) In 1870, things started to change for children, because schools had to be provided for all children aged five to 10 under the Education Act. The difference between upper class and lower class was vastly greater than it is … Women servants were called maids, and the men were known as footmen. A wealthy man might have different clothes for different activities such as hunting or going to the theatre, and they would wear a dinner suit with a bow tie in the evening. Wealthy people enjoyed a good and easy life, but on the other hand, poorer people had a rough and hard life, often ending up in the workhouse or early death. If you were rich you could have a good and easy life. If you were rich you could have a good and easy life. DIY Matching Games For Preschoolers, Guide To Planning The Perfect Virtual Holiday. The nanny was responsible for the children’s daily activities. They didn’t die young. By the end of the Victorian era in 1901, electricity was available and … Oops! Literature from the period reflects the prevalence of children’s deaths in Victorian England. We hope you love our recommendations for products and services! What class had the longest life expectancy and what age was that (Rutland)? 3) Victorian schools were tough for children. This was a sharp contrast to the overcrowded and unhealthy conditions of the working and poor classes of this time. Find out about life and work in a wealthy family's Victorian town house. Their routine work was fulfilled by the lower class people. When you buy through the links on our site we may earn a commission. The family was central to middle-class Victorian life. The cost of rent was extremely high, especially when a worker wanted to live within walking distance of his place of employment. Many landlords were indifferent to the appalling conditions their tenant… Another Victorian fad? In earlier centuries it was usual for women to work … Girls wore dresses but they didn't have corsets or crinolines until they were older. For … “Fasting girls” could supposedly live every day without … These houses had ample space for the family, which averaged between four to six children, and the servants. At the beginning of Victoria's reign it was fashionable to wear a crinoline under a skirt. How tattoos became fashionable in Victorian England December 12, 2019 1.07am EST. The people under this class did not work manually. At the beginning of the Victorian era in 1837, most people would have used candles and oil or gas lamps to light their homes and streets. If you were rich, then life was completely different! The people under this class did not work manually. Six celebrities were immersed in a recreation of impoverished life in Victorian Britain to take on the challenge of living in the past for 4 days. Many of the servants had moved from the country, where many of the farming jobs had been eliminated by the invention of machines. Victorian England was a man’s world. Facts about Life in Victorian London 2: the dominance. Copyright © 2020 Kidadl Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Dickens blames the huge class stratification of Victorian England on the selfishness of the rich and, implicitly, on the Poor Laws that keep down the underclass. Children got a good education either by going away to school or having a governess who taught them at home (this is usually how girls were educated). Men’s and women’s roles became more sharply defined during the Victorian period than arguably at any time in history. One of the more interesting topics from the period is learning about the comparison between rich and poor Victorians. If a girl was born in a rich family, she led a very comfortable … 2. The Victorian Era in Britain was dominated by the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901). Charles Dickens said it himself: “It was the best of times, it was the worst of times.” And it’s what was “worst” about Victorian-era England that we remember the most. Learning Objectives: To investigate the differences between the lives of Rich and Poor Victorians. The life of the rich Victorian women was completely different from the lives of the women belonging to the middle class and the working class. Wealthy children generally wore small versions of adult clothing. But if you were poor you could have a rough and hard life, often ending up in the workhouse or early death. Why did people live such short lives during this era? Children learn a lot about Victorians at primary school - so it's important to make sure that you're clued up on the subject. If you purchase using the buy now button we may earn a small commission. Some rich girls continued to be taught at home. The British government then did little to help during the Irish potato famine, which began in 1840. The quality of life in Victorian times depended on whether people were rich or poor. Taking their lead from the royal family, the middle classes developed an ideal of what family life … Middle class and upper class Victorians made up only approximately fifteen percent of the English Victorian Age population. Their income normally came from the investments made by them or from the inherited lands. Skirts became narrower during the period with a shape at the back called a bustle becoming popular. 1,000 of inspirational ideas direct to your inbox for things to do with your kids. How can we find out what life was like during the Victorian times? It is free to search their websites, but there is a charge to … Lead by Bru… Not only did they reveal much about the society from which they emerged, but during the Victorian period Britain was the cultural capital of the English-speaking world (including the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand). He compared these workhouses to prisons, seeing them as perpetuating misery, poverty, starvation and even death. Adult shoes needed to last, and boots had thick, nailed soles. Thank you! Lifestyles of rich and poor Although some Elizabethans increased their wealth, life for the majority was very hard. Wealthy women often wore many layers of clothes and needed the help of a maid to get dressed. As society’s upper crust lounged behind ornate mansion doors, the forgotten members of society kept those doors polished. An outfit consisted of many layers which meant that rich Victorian women needed help getting dressed from a maid. The wealthy had more than enough money so could afford things like food, and disease affected them less because they didn't live in cramped conditions. However, it must be remembered that most of the servants would have lived in the hall, and so wages were very low to reflect the fact that they received lodgings. Cities became crowded and dirty, making life difficult for poor people. Victorian lives on Pinterest Come face to face with the Victorians on Pinterest; Census records These records for England and Wales from 1841 to 1911 are available online through partners of The National Archives. This was called the Victorian Era because Queen Victoria was in control. Life does seem simpler, but the lack of sanitary living conditions, and the backwardness of the … As home and work became more and more divided, the home was seen as an escape from the harsh business world. Men’s and women’s roles became more sharply defined during the Victorian period than arguably at any time in history. Somewhat later in the century, in 1869, the Charity Organization Society (COS) was established to coordinate the multitude of private charities and philanthropies that were being founded. There was an enormous gap between these two classes and the working and poor classes. Coal-mining around Newcastlealso expanded rapidly to meet demand. In some households, there was only one servant, known as a maid of all work, … They usually wore a suit, often with a waistcoat that could be brightly patterned. Children from rich families were typically taught at home by governess until the age of 10 years old. As poor people worked hard, they needed practical clothes for tough conditions. In Charles Dickens’s The Old … Life Expectancy in the Victorian Era . By stark contrast, poor families didn't have many clothes to choose from. Kidadl is supported by you, the reader. As society’s upper crust lounged … Both poor Victorian children and adults had to work in workplaces such as mines, mills, factories or workhouses for little money (yet some of the wealthy didn't need to work at all). 21 Simple Switches To Be More Eco-Friendly, Tudor Rich And Poor: Facts And Comparisons, It's a Match! Queen Victoria hated spicy food, but as the Empress of India and the leader of … Kidadl provides inspiration to entertain and educate your children. As home and work became more and more divided, the home was seen as an escape from the harsh business world. We strive to recommend the very best things that are suggested by our community and are things we would do ourselves - our aim is to be the trusted friend to parents. Women of this class … The dominance of London as the global capital of the world was threatened after New York and Paris rose to fame. More specifically, it was a rich, upper-class, man’s world, and even better if you had land, a large house, a title, and a doting wife. Coal-mining around Newcastlealso expanded rapidly to meet demand. She reigned from June 20, 1837 to January 22, 1901. Victorian Principles of Charity Just as the Victorians gave serious thought to the principles governing relief, so they did to the principles of charity. https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/topics/zxwxvcw/articles/zbrj47h Children from rich families were typically taught at home by governess until the age of 10 years old. However, discoveries on hygiene and sanitation made it somewhat easier to keep disease at bay. They wore bonnets to keep their hair up as they worked (many worked in factories and didn't want their hair getting caught in machinery), and to avoid headlice. Victorian performance and print culture were rich and varied, a blend of melodrama, spectacle, and morality. This video is a description of life in Victorian England for women, and the challenges they faced. Kidadl has a number of affiliate partners that we work with including Amazon. With the upsurge in railway construction, moving goods to shipping ports became easy, while ship-building itself went forward at a rapid pace. Poverty and unemployment increased during Elizabeth’s reign. Life for the rich in Victorian England was generally good because it was a time when many things were being invented and manufactured and these were the people who could afford to buy them. Please note that Kidadl is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon. 1. Middle class families were considered wealthy and typically had fathers who held professional positions such as doctors, lawyers, bankers, factory owners, merchants, and shopkeepers. Middle and upper class Victorian Age families lived in large, comfortable houses. The British census of 1891 found that 1.3 million girls and women worked as domestic servants in Victorian England. ... was a life-changing event. Mothers sometimes taught their sons and daughters to read and write, and fathers would sometimes teach Latin to their sons. They normally wore dark colours so that the dirt didn't show. Gap in life expectancy between rich and poor 'bigger than in Victorian times' despite Labour promises. Image © zavalishina, under a Creative Commons license. Keeping Curry Handy. The life of a Victorian servant could be very hard, depending on the household in which they worked and the jobs they had to do. Royal Class – This include people from royal family and the spiritual lords of that time. Fashion generally didn't change a great deal for rich men during the period. We also link to other websites, but are not responsible for their content. Rich Victorians were also the first to go on a seaside holiday. Day dresses would be simpler, but in the evening they would change into a silk or satin gown. During the long reign of Queen Victoria over the United Kingdom from 1836 to 1901, there were certain social expectations that the separate genders were expected to adhere to. Wealthy people could also afford to buy beautiful clothes. These servants would do things like cooking, cleaning and serving dinner. Only sons were sent to boarding schools such as Eton and Rugby. Servants were paid low wages but were guaranteed a living space, food, and clothes by their employers. Those who were fortunate enough to be in the Upper class did not usually perform manual labor. Children were also often given dangerous jobs that couldn't be done by tall people, such as crawling underneath big machines in textile mills. Wealthy people enjoyed a good and easy life, but on the other hand, poorer people had a rough and … Spoiled food Consumed raw meats Did not properly clean food Improperly sanitized cooking and eating utensils About 40% of working-class deaths in cities were from tuberculosis. Bristol was home to "The Great Britain", a massive steamship built by Isambard Kingdom Brunel. This was even less than the adults, who would bring in about 15 shillings (75p) a week. Conditions were often cramped as many members of a single family would live in one room. The dominance of London as the global capital of the world was threatened after New York and Paris rose to fame. Please note: prices are correct and items are available at the time the article was published. Our recommended activities are based on age but these are a guide. Whether rich, poor, Black, or White, all lived then understood the importance of a Victorian mindset and the Black Victorian very much existed in their own right. The year 2012 saw the 200th anniversary of the birth of Charles Dickens. This does not influence our choices. By Daniel Martin for the Daily Mail Updated: 03:22 EST, 6 November 2009 These hoops and petticoats made skirts very wide. 2… When greeting a woman, it was good manners for men to tip the brim of their hat down before pushing the hat back onto their head. Life for the rich in Victorian England was generally good because it was a time when many things were being invented and manufactured and these were the people who could afford to buy them. 25+ Incredible Dilophosaurus Facts: Everything You Need To Know About The Spitting Dinosaur, 101 Montana Facts To Make You Treasure 'The Treasure State', 54 Poseidon Facts That Are Sea-riously Cool, It's Easy Being Green! Rich Victorians always had servants. Kids will learn about all the key events of Victorian Britain - many of which highlighted the differences between rich and poor people. This is a difficult one, not because the answer isn’t available, but because living and working conditions in Victorian England were pretty dismal. This video is a description of life in Victorian England for women, and the challenges they faced. Word of the lesson: Comparison The main task is to create a spider diagram with findings from the sources about rich Victorians and then to compare this to what they have learned in all of the previous lessons about the poor during the Industrial Revolution. Although it was a peaceful and prosperous time, there were still issues within the social structure. Women in Victorian England. We recognise that not all activities and ideas are appropriate and suitable for all children and families or in all circumstances. Though wages were low, poor families didn't have any choice, they needed to work so they could earn money to afford basics like food. Women in Victorian England. This was the time when Britain was at its height and when businesses flourished. A disputed myth regarding wealthy Victorian fathers is that they were distant from their children and quite stern. By 1851 British society divided into social classes. 5. This was the highest social class of the Victorian England social hierarchy. What we suggest is selected independently by the Kidadl team. If they didn't obey the rules, the teacher might beat them. Kidadl is independent and to make our service free to you the reader we are supported by advertising. In Charles Dickens’s The Old Curiosity Shop (1841), the character of Little Nell dies at the end of the story, much to the dismay of many readers. Check Also: 10 Facts about Life in Medieval Towns. The aristocracy was powerful and wealthy. This class further got sub divided in three parts as below – 1. The dying child makes a frequent appearance in 19 th-century novels. The quality of life depended on whether you were rich or poor. They were usually recruited between the ages of 10 and 13, after they … Girls on the other hand continued to … This was the highest social class of the Victorian England social hierarchy. Queen Victoria and the Victorian Era (Background Info) During the years of 1837-1901, Great Britain thrived and prospered. They only had a few outfits, and they were lucky if they had a smarter option for special occasions. The wealthy Victorian Children and their families lived a much more elegant and privileged life than the poor families lived. Scrooge is the obvious symbol of the greedy Victorian rich, while the Cratchits represent the working poor. The quality of Victorian living conditions for the rich and the poor was also vastly different. The middle class families did not usually have as many servants as the upper class families. Check Also: 10 Facts about Life in Medieval Towns. Which places had a longer life expectancy? Facts about Life in Victorian London 2: the dominance. Their income normally came from the investments made by them or from the inherited lands. 5) Half of the population lived in cities by the end of the era, because that's where all the factories and work were. Governesses and tutors taught these children in the children’s homes. Theatres, music halls, libraries, museums and art galleries were built in every major town and many minor ones, often founded by a new breed of philanthropist. This is a difficult one, not because the answer isn’t available, but because living and working conditions in Victorian England were pretty dismal. Some people have romantic ideas about the era, and would like to have lived back then. In comparison, poor families had a tough life. This class further got sub divided in three parts as below – 1. We try our very best, but cannot guarantee perfection. During the Victorian period, Britain was a powerful nation with a rich culture. We will always aim to give you accurate information at the date of publication - however, information does change, so it’s important you do your own research, double-check and make the decision that is right for your family. They'd go to popular destinations like Southend, Blackpool and Brighton. The children of rich Victorians spent the majority of their day with their nanny. Once they were ready for school, they would wear suits or short trousers and a jacket with a cap. But if you were poor you could have a rough and hard life… The dying child makes a frequent appearance in 19 th-century novels. How can we find out what life was like during the Victorian times? Their routine work was fulfilled by the lower class people. Facts about Life in Victorian London 3: the poverty. Scrooge is the obvious symbol of the greedy Victorian rich… Children from the Upper class, … Rich people during the Victorian Era did not need to work, they had all the money they needed, so they could do whatever they wanted in life. Steam-powered cotton factories enabled Victorian Britain to produce more than half the world's supply of cotton. Middle/Upper class family Working Conditions This is the ideal dress code for a rich Vistorian woman, although most women made their own styles, and based it of this. Boys wore dresses until they were about five years old. The study of Victorian masculinity is based on the assumption that "the construction of male consciousness must be seen as historically specific." Nannies also taught children proper behavior, disciplined the children, and took care of them when they were ill. For the most part, children of wealthy parents did not attend school outside of the home. Clothes were often passed down the generations and patched up or fixed when needed. They usually had a pocket watch and handkerchief and they wore gloves outside. For example, rich Victorians could own a telephone or a gramophone for playing music, and, by the end of the Victorian period, rich people had the luxury of electricity in their homes and they could also buy light bulbs. People lived to an average age of just 40 in 19th-century England, but that … Your newsletter will be with you soon. Later in the period skirts were narrower with a shape at the back called a bustle. Interestingly, all men had to wears hats outside in Victorian times; rich men wore top hats, while the poor donned caps. Instead, they were landowners and hired lower class workers to work for t… Many of the servants had moved from the country, where many of the farming jobs had been eliminated by the invention of machines. The quality of life in Victorian times depended on whether people were rich or poor. This is when your child really learns what life was like at the time and how people's class status hugely affected how they lived. 4. Rich Victorians always had servants. Like the men, women also wore hats - although mainly for practical reasons. Anyone using the information provided by Kidadl does so at their own risk and we can not accept liability if things go wrong. Although he was actually born in the naval town of Portsmouth, Hampshire on 7 February 1812, the works of Charles John Huffam Dickens have become for many the epitome of Victorian London. During the Victorian era many Scots moved from the countryside to towns and cities. The quality of life depended on whether you were rich or poor. Wealthy boys from the age of 10 would then go to Public schools such as Rugby. Most children never went to school and struggled to read or write. In his 1850 journal, Household Words, he investigated workhouses and condemned factory owners. Most of the time Middle/Upper class Victorians would be out of the house all day, leaving their servants, cooks, maids etc. Poor families lived were in slum-like environments (think the original Charlie and the Chocolate Factory film), while the rich enjoyed a huge amount of space for themselves and their servants. At Kidadl we pride ourselves on offering families original ideas to make the most of time spent together at home or out and about, wherever you are in the world. Servants were paid low wages but were guaranteed a living space, food, and clothes by their employers. 4) Most Victorians, apart from the very poor, had servants to do household chores for them. In 1880 it became mandatory to go to school. 1) Rich Victorian children were taught at home by a governess until they were 10 years old. The upper class, or aristocracy, was composed of nobility and clergy and comprised only two percent of the population. Most children never went to school and struggled to read or write. Taking their lead from the royal family, the middle classes developed an ideal of what family life … Wealthy Victorians enjoyed a good and easy life. 2… The middle class families did not usually have as many servants as the upper class families. Gap in life expectancy between rich and poor 'bigger than in Victorian times' despite Labour promises. These are just a few examples, read on to discover more about the comparison between rich and poor Victorians during this fascinating period. Wealthy boys from the age of 10 … They didn’t die young. Creative Commons license and an expanding franchise their servants, cooks, butlers gardeners... How can we Find out about life in Medieval Towns: 03:22,... Wore top hats, while the poor was also vastly different the majority of their day their. And Rugby not usually have as many servants as the global capital the. Clothes by their employers 's supply of cotton age families lived in large, comfortable houses blend of,! Your kids they only had a few examples, read life for the rich in victorian england to more. And needed the help of a single family would live in one room Great for. A frequent appearance in 19 th-century novels 2009 they didn ’ t die young time the article was.! Men wore top hats, while the poor donned caps be out of population. Conditions were often cramped as many as 70 or 80 pupils itself went forward at a rapid pace issues the! Small versions of adult clothing jobs had been eliminated by the reign of Queen Victoria spicy! Low wages but were guaranteed a living space, food, but not! All men had to go to Public schools such as Eton and Rugby gloves.! Adults, who would bring in about 15 shillings ( 75p ) a or. Little to help during the period is learning about the comparison between and! They did n't show to live within walking distance of his place of employment conditions of the working and Victorians. Our recommended activities are based on age but these are a guide and can. 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